Mai Wer steigt auf? Wer steigt ab? Wolfsburg muss sich gegen Kiel wehren. Auch andere Teams wie der KSC und Erzgebirge Aue müssen noch in. Mai München hat einen großen Schritt Richtung 3. Liga gemacht. Das erste Relegationsspiel in Saarbrücken gewannen die Löwen, weil die. Mai München, Energie Cottbus und der KFC Uerdingen steigen in die dritte Fußball-Liga auf. Das Spiel in Mannheim, in dem die Krefelder.
If, however, you just want to know about promotion and relegation from the 3. Liga for this season you can skip the first part of this article.
The structure of the top-tier of the Bundesliga has remained largely the same since its foundation in with only the number of teams changing: However, the structure of the football pyramid below the top league has been much more volatile.
Immediately below the Bundesliga, for its first 10 seasons, were five Regionalliga that were similar to the ones that currently comprise the fourth tier of German football Nord, Süd, West and Südwest, but with West Berlin instead of Bayern.
At the end of each season, the top two teams from each Regionalliga were placed into two groups and the winner of playoffs within each group was promoted.
It was quite a complex system but there was only one national league, below that the leagues were more regional.
Bundesliga was created, although it was still not completely national because there were two divisions Nord and Süd with twenty clubs in each this was before reunification, so there were no eastern teams included.
Underneath these two second divisions were fifteen Amateurliga nine in the south, four in the north, of which one was in West Berlin which made promotion and relegation even more complex.
Because of the politics of football among the regions of Germany, some Amateurliga champions were guaranteed promotion while others had to playoff against one another.
Bundesliga divisions were combined into one, creating a second tier national league. Additionally, the reunification of Germany in added an extra layer of complexity.
Consequently, in there were play offs involving 13 teams in four groups with the group winner gaining promotion. Involved in these play offs were the ten Oberliga champions two had been added from the east , the runners-up from the Oberliga Nord and two of the relegation teams from the 2.
Bundesliga and the Oberliga. You would think that this might make relegation and promotion of four teams into the 2.
Bundesliga simpler it did, sort of , but you would be wrong if you thought it was just the champions of each Regionalliga moving up, politics between the regions in German football is much more complex than that.
The winners of Nord and Nordost then met in a play off for the third promotion position. However, it was the fourth promotion spot that was the most problematic.
Since , there had been direct promotion and relegation for three teams between the 2. Bundesliga and the Bundesliga; however, currently across all three national leagues the team finishing third from bottom in the higher league would meet in a playoff against the team finishing third in the lower league.
Now that the Regionalliga had dropped to the fourth tier of German football, a third the Regionalliga West was added.
Having a third Regionalliga allowed the pattern of three team promotion and relegation that operated above them, although there would be no playoff involving the third team.
It seemed that a nice simple system had finally emerged. However, in October the Regionalligas were, once again, reorganized because of the large number of insolvencies that had taken place across German football during the previous season.
The travel demands combined with lower media interest from any except local outlets, made it hard for teams to stay viable. Liga each season, while the winners of each Regionalliga plus the runner-up in the Regionalliga Südwest are paired up in a playoff for the promotion positions.
One last change, however, occurred. At the 96th DFB-Bundestag in December , delegates decided to change the promotion rules and once more reduce the number of Regionalliga to four.
Ultimately, there will be four teams relegated from the 3. Liga each season and the champions of each of the new Regionalliga will be promoted.
Four teams will be promoted and there will be three guaranteed promotion places from the champions of the five regional leagues. The champion of the Regionalliga Südwest because they are giving up their second playoff place will be promoted automatically in the next two seasons.
The winner of the third guaranteed promotion place will be decided by the drawing of lots. The remaining two Regionalliga champions will compete in a two-legged playoff to determine the fourth promotion place.
At the end of this season, the top two teams will win promotion to the 2. This achievement is particularly impressive from Paderborn, given that last year they finished 18th and would have been relegated if it were not for the decision of TSV München to drop down to the Regionalliga rather than accept a position in the 3.
The competition for the playoff spot, however, is still up for grabs. At different times, Hansa Rostock and Fortuna Köln have been right up there this season, and FC Würzburger Kickers have finally started to play like a team that were in the 2.
Bundesliga season , four clubs were relegated from the 2. Bundesliga and became charter members of the 3.
On 31 May , at the end of the —08 Regionalliga seasons , clubs placing third through tenth in the Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga Süd also qualified for the new 3.
From the Regionalliga Nord: From the Regionalliga Süd: The winner and runner-up in a given season are automatically promoted to the 2. Teams placing in the bottom three are automatically sent to the Regionalliga.
Up to and including the —18 season the top goal scorers, attendance statistics and records for the league are:. The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions: At the end of the regular season the third placed team in the 3.
Liga play the 16th placed team in the 2. Bundesliga over two matches. The overall winner plays in the 2. Bundesliga in the following season, and the loser in the 3.
Since the —13 season, the champions of the five Regionalligas and the runners-up of the Regionalliga Südwest enter an end-of-the season play-off to determine the three teams promoted to the 3.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the third-tier national association football league in Germany.
For other uses, see 3. For more details on this topic, see History of German football. Attendance [ edit ] Season League total attendance League average attendance Best supported club Average attendance —09  2,, 5, Fortuna Düsseldorf 14, —10  1,, 5, Dynamo Dresden 14, —11  2,, 5, Eintracht Braunschweig 17, —12  1,, 4, Arminia Bielefeld 8, —13  2,, 6, Karlsruher SC 11, —14  2,, 6, RB Leipzig 16, —15  2,, 6, Dynamo Dresden 22, —16  2,, 7, Dynamo Dresden 27, —17  2,, 5, 1.
FC Magdeburg 17, —18  2,, 6, 1. Promotion to the 2. Promotion to the 3. Germany's Newest Professional League".
Retrieved 19 July Archived from the original pdf on 2 November Retrieved 2 December Liga ist europaweit führend " " [Helmut Sandrock: Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 12 May Die höchsten Siege" in German.
The Bundesliga is one of the top national leagues, ranked fourth in Europe according to UEFA 's league coefficient ranking for the —18 season, based on performances in European competitions over the past five seasons.
The Bundesliga was founded in in Dortmund and the first season started in The structure and organisation of the Bundesliga along with Germany's other football leagues have undergone frequent changes right up to the present day.
The Bundesliga is composed of two divisions: Bundesliga although it is rarely referred to with the First prefix , and, below that, the 2.
Bundesliga 2nd Bundesliga , which has been the second tier of German football since The Bundesligen plural are professional leagues.
Since , the 3. Below the level of the 3. Liga, leagues are generally subdivided on a regional basis. Below this are thirteen parallel divisions, most of which are called Oberligen upper leagues which represent federal states or large urban and geographical areas.
The levels below the Oberligen differ between the local areas. The league structure has changed frequently and typically reflects the degree of participation in the sport in various parts of the country.
In the early s, changes were driven by the reunification of Germany and the subsequent integration of the national league of East Germany. Every team in the two Bundesligen must have a licence to play in the league, or else they are relegated into the regional leagues.
To obtain a licence, teams must be financially healthy and meet certain standards of conduct as organisations. Bundesliga is financially strong, and the 2.
Bundesliga has begun to evolve in a similar direction, becoming more stable organizationally and financially, and reflecting an increasingly higher standard of professional play.
Hamburger SV was the only club to have played continuously in the Bundesliga since its foundation until 12 May , when the club was relegated for the first time.
In the —09 season, the Bundesliga reinstated an earlier German system of promotion and relegation, which had been in use from until From until , a different system had been used in which the bottom three finishers of the Bundesliga had been automatically relegated, to be replaced by the top three finishers in the 2.
From until two, or later three, teams had been relegated from the Bundesliga automatically, while promotion had been decided either completely or partially in promotion play-offs.
The season starts in early August  and lasts until late May, with a winter break of six weeks mid-December through to the end of January.
In recent years, games have been played on Saturdays five games beginning at 3: A new television deal in reintroduced a Friday game beginning at 8: Prior to the formation of the Bundesliga, German football was played at an amateur level in a large number of sub-regional leagues until, in , part-time semi- professionalism was introduced and only five regional Oberligen Premier Leagues remained.
Regional champions and runners-up played a series of playoff matches for the right to compete in a final game for the national championship.
Through the s, there were continued calls for the formation of a central professional league, especially as professional leagues in other countries began to draw Germany's best players away from the semi-professional domestic leagues.
At the international level the German game began to falter as German teams often fared poorly against professional teams from other countries.
The league fielded 14 teams with two relegation spots. The defeat of the national team by Yugoslavia 0—1 in a World Cup quarter-final game in Chile was one impetus of many towards the formation of a national league.
East Germany, behind the Iron Curtain, maintained its separate league structure. The first Bundesliga games were played on 24 August FC Köln was the first Bundesliga champion with Dynamo Dresden and F.
Hansa Rostock were seeded into the top-tier Bundesliga division, with other clubs being sorted into lower tiers.
The German football champion is decided strictly by play in the Bundesliga. Each club plays every other club once at home and once away.
Originally, a victory was worth two points, with one point for a draw and none for a loss. Since the —96 season, a victory has been worth three points, while a draw remains worth a single point, and zero points are given for a loss.
The club with the most points at the end of the season becomes German champion. Currently, the top three clubs in the table qualify automatically for the group phase of the UEFA Champions League , while the fourth-place team enters the Champions League at the third qualifying round see overview.
The two teams at the bottom of the table are relegated into the 2. Bundesliga, while the top two teams in the 2. The 16th-placed team third-last , and the third-placed team in the 2.
Bundesliga play a two-leg play-off match. The winner of this match plays the next season in the Bundesliga, and the loser in the 2.
If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement.
However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga. In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives.
Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game. That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit.
The Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance out of Europe's five major leagues. By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.
In the cases of Bayer Leverkusen and Wolfsburg, the clubs were founded by major corporations respectively Bayer AG and Volkswagen as sports clubs for their employees, while Hoffenheim has long received its primary support from SAP co-founder Dietmar Hopp , who played in the club's youth system.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a youth academy , with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team.
This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players. At the other end of the table relegation seems pretty much a formality.
Liga history are going down and might have been even without the point deduction for financial irregularities and the further nine points deducted after declaring bankruptcy.
It has been a miserable season for them. Although SV Werder Bremen II managed two straight wins to stave off definite relegation for another week they will almost certainly also be relegated.
So who are we likely to see replacing these teams in the 3. Readers are invited to check out these betting sites for odds on upcoming games.
FC Saarbrücken are doing something similar with the Regionalliga Südwest, so they should make up two of the playoff positions.
Kickers Offenbach are currently sitting in second in the Südwest, but SV Waldhof Mannheim are six points behind with three games in hand so the race for the runners-up playoff spot looks very close.
Of course, when it comes to playoffs it depends on which team is drawn against another. The draw looks like this, with exactly what is meant by the Südwest A and B as in, champions or runners-up still to be decided.
The three first leg matches will take place on Thursday, May 24th, the return leg on Sunday, May 27th. Coming down from the 2. Bundesliga is even harder to predict as Jonny Walsh keeps mentioning.
FC Kaiserslautern have been struggling all season but some recent good results mean that even they could escape the drop. With 5 MatchDays remaining there are only 12 points separating Ingolstadt in 4th and Kaiserslautern in 18th.
At the moment 1. FC Heidenheim and SV Darmstadt 98 occupy 16th and 17th but I would not like to stick my neck out about anything in the 2. One of the wonderful things about the DFB Pokal, and indeed cup competitions in many countries, is that it gives teams from the lower leagues an opportunity to match themselves against teams in the top […].
One needs to take a deep dive into the history books to find the glory years of KFC Uerdingen. Football today, particularly for the bigger teams in the more successful leagues, is a squad game.
Teams have to be prepared for the realities of injuries, fatigue, loss of form, or suspension and have players […]. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.
Learn how your comment data is processed. The Strange Story of Hu Ruibao 2. The following two tabs change content below. Born and raised in Australia, Wayne developed a love of football at an early age and an interest in German football not long after.
Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 12 May Die höchsten Siege" in German.
Retrieved 6 April Die torreichsten Spiele" in German. Ewige Torjäger" in German. Retrieved 21 June Liga" [TSV Munich does not receive approval for the 3.
Retrieved 28 May Liga Promotion to 2. Retrieved from " https: Association football leagues in Germany 3. Liga establishments in Germany Sports leagues established in Third level football leagues in Europe.
FC Magdeburg 1st title — FC Magdeburg 1 title each. Sportpark am Lotter Kreuz. Attendance [ edit ] Season League total attendance League average attendance Best supported club Average attendance —09 .
Top scorers [ edit ] Season Player Goals Club —09 . Domi Kumbela Patrick Mayer. Anton Fink Fabian Klos.
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